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5 Components of Personal Fitness | Physical Workouts

When you look at Fitness, you need to remember that it's more than just exercising. Neither is it just about your Weight Control, strength, endurance, Fat and Calorie Content. Fitness is a combination of all of these, and more. To easily understand Physical Fitness, you should look into its parts. But to achieve fitness or your Fitness Goals, you need to balance all its components. The following has been generally agreed to be the 5 components of fitness:

  1. Cardiorespiratory endurance
    This is the body's ability, over sustained periods of physical activity, to deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues, and to remove wastes. To measure this Fitness Component, you can step on and off a 10- to 12-inch-high step and then take your heart rate after three to five minutes. You can also do long Runs and Swims to assess your cardiorespiratory endurance.

  2. Muscular endurance
    This is the ability of a muscle, or a group of muscles, to sustain repeated contractions or to continue applying force against a fixed object. For a fitness assessment of your muscular endurance, you can do push-ups on your fitness mats. The more push-ups you can do, the fitter you are.

  3. Muscular strength

    This is the muscle's ability to exert force for a brief span of time. You can measure physical fitness components, like this, by lifting weights.

  4. Back Stretch - Lower Back Stretch
  5. Flexibility
    This is the ability to move joints and use muscles through their full range of motion. This should be performed before and after each workout. By performing a simple motion and observing how far you can go, you can assess the flexibility of each part of your body. The sit-and-reach test is a good measure of flexibility of the Lower Back and Backs of the Upper Legs.

  6. Body composition
    This Fitness Component is the ratio of lean body mass to fat. Lean body mass represents the weight of water, muscle, bone and internal organs. Body fat represents the remaining fat tissue and is expressed as a percentage of total body weight. Because muscle weighs more than fat, it is important to measure your body composition rather than your body weight when you Evaluate Your Fitness Level. Body composition can be measured through the Body Mass Index or BMI. If you are using body composition to measure your fitness goals, it is important that you use the same body fat measurement technique.
As written in all fitness books, getting into Stretching and Resistance Exercises will improve and enhance your cardio respiratory endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, and flexibility to various extents. Those are the components of physical fitness.

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Article Comments
Shakayla Crum
Friday 18th December 2009 at 7:55:43 PM  

The cardiorespiratory endurance relates to playing sports and so does flexibility. You have to be coordinated to play sports if not you wouldn''t be able to play to the best of your abilities....

Asa Tyler
Wednesday 27th January 2010 at 12:01:59 PM  

When you have good flexibility it can help with playing sports such as basketball and football because when you are trying to recover the ball you have to use a full range of motion

Kristina Cochran
Thursday 11th February 2010 at 1:52:33 PM  

For the cardio respiratory endurance if you have asthma it is always better to breathe deep and control breathing when resting during this exersise

Friday 12th February 2010 at 7:37:27 PM  

Good point everyone and Shakayla you are right, flexibility helps your coordination, plus it helps prevent injuries.

Saturday 1st May 2010 at 9:15:41 PM  

is cardiovascular a component of fitness

mary joy
Tuesday 6th July 2010 at 7:52:21 AM  


Shianne Arrowood
Thursday 19th August 2010 at 9:08:05 AM  

i agree!!!

brooke ledford
Monday 23rd August 2010 at 12:57:20 PM  

i agree with all of this also.

Marcus Stubbs
Wednesday 25th August 2010 at 2:33:02 PM  

I also agree wit it too!!!!!!!!

Tuesday 7th September 2010 at 4:39:09 AM  

helpp me im faat!

Martin A. Ceballos
Monday 20th September 2010 at 9:27:56 PM  

This article has a lot of good points about personal fitness. It describes the five major components thoroughly and how to use them to better yourself.

Monday 14th February 2011 at 1:11:59 PM  

Exercise is a wonderful thing it is good to do. I dont exercise as much as I should though.

Tuesday 15th February 2011 at 12:48:29 PM  

This is a very good article about exercise. And its a wonderful thing to do in your life but i don''t exercise.

Sunday 20th February 2011 at 5:29:26 PM  

i think that this is a very good article

Thursday 24th February 2011 at 3:45:22 PM  

I think this can help people get in shape!

Friday 25th February 2011 at 12:52:47 PM  

this can help people gget in shape and get their daily work out finish

Friday 4th March 2011 at 8:13:11 AM  

this a very good article

Stephun S.
Monday 14th March 2011 at 12:46:42 PM  

This article is really great. It really has some good but short information about exercise. That is awesome for a lot of people who do not like reading like me.

laddy shy
Wednesday 16th March 2011 at 8:07:03 AM  


Thursday 5th May 2011 at 2:17:06 AM  


Friday 23rd September 2011 at 2:35:03 PM  

i think these are some good workouts.

Wednesday 1st February 2012 at 11:15:45 AM  

Is 100 pounds of muscle heavier than 100 pounds of fat? No, they are both 100 pounds

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