What is Fitness, Exactly?
When you look at fitness, you need to remember that it’s more than just exercising.
Most people enter the fitness world with a desire to lose weight, but fitness can be used to achieve more than that. In other words, fitness can improve more than your looks.
The 5 Components of Fitness
- Cardiorespiratory endurance
Everybody knows about cardio training, but what does it actually work on? Cardiorespiratory endurance is the body’s ability to deliver oxygen to the body. The better your cardio endurance, the more efficient your body will be at this task.
- Muscular endurance
Muscular endurance is your muscles’ ability to contract for an extended period of time or to exert force on an object. You can test your muscular endurance levels by performing push-ups. This total-body move will push you to the limit.
- Muscular strength
This is what you work on during a typical strength training session at the gym: the ability of your muscles to exert a lot of force in a short period of time. Assess your levels through weight lifting exercises for specific muscle groups.
- Flexibility (and Mobility)
This is your body’s ability to use muscles through their full range of motion and to use joints to their full capacity. Always have a stretching routine in place if you work out at the gym or want to increase your flexibility. You can perform any stretch to see how far you can go and you can always modify by lifting your heels, adding yoga block or straps or even by using pillows at home.
- Body composition
This is the ratio of lean body mass to fat. Lean body mass = the weight of water, muscles, bones, and internal organs. Body fat = the remaining fat tissue. Body fat is expressed as a percentage of total body weight. One of the most popular tools for measuring body composition is BMI or Body Mass Index.
Now you can understand why different types of training are all equally important for your health and how you can benefit from a better understanding of fitness as a whole.