Saturday, March 28, 2020

Fitness Dictionary – Fitness Terms and Definitions

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Fitness Dictionary - Fitness Terms and Definitions

These are the Fitness Terms, Definitions, Slang and other words currently stored in our Fitness Dictionary. If you know any fitness terms that are not mentioned in this list then go ahead and suggest a word for our dictionary.

There are 103 Fitness Terms in our Fitness Dictionary:

ABDUCTION

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

to draw away from or deviate from the midline of the body; opposite of adduction; side movement away from the midline of the body; example a side leg raise moving the leg away from the body’s center.

ABSOLUTE STRENGTH

(submitted by: dals)

The maximum amount a person can lift in one repetition.

ACTIN

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

one of the fibrous contractile proteins found in a myofibril

ACUTE

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

having a rapid onset; sharp, severe; opposite of chronic

ADDUCTION

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

to bring toward the midline of the body; oposite of abduction; example, bringing the elbows together in the font of the body like a chest press working the pectoralis muscle.

AEROBIC EXERCISES

(submitted by: lenay)

any exercise that maintains an increased heart rate. Usually performed moderately for extended periods of time

AGILITY

(submitted by: dals)

The power of moving the limbs quickly and easily; nimbleness;activity; quickness of motion; as, strength and agility of body.

AGONIST

(submitted by: dals)

A muscle that causes the prime movement of a joint. The muscle that produces the opposite movement is the antagonist. For example, in the bicep curl, the biceps are the agonist and the triceps arw the antagonist.

ANAEOROBIC THRESHOLD

(submitted by: pt_baller7)

The highest point at which lactic productiion exceeds lactic acid removal.

ANTAGONIST

(submitted by: dals)

Muscle that counteracts the agonist, lengthening when the agonist muscle contracts.

ATROPHY

(submitted by: dals)

The loss of bodily tissues (such as muscle), usually the result of disease or lack of use.

BARBELL

These are weights attached to a long bar which requires both hands to pick up.

BASAL METABOLIC RATE

(submitted by: dals)

The rate at which the body burns calories while awake but at rest (usually measured in calories per day).

BODY COMPOSITION

This Fitness Component is the ratio of lean body mass to fat. Lean body mass represents the weight of water, muscle, bone and internal organs. Body fat represents the remaining fat tissue and is expressed as a percentage of total body weight.

BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)

(submitted by: maricel)

The BMI is a number that reflects the percentage of body fat in proportion to lean body mass (i.e. bone, muscle, tissue, organs, and blood). This is a height-weight system of measurement that applies to all gender.

BURN

This means acute soreness in gym linggo. This typically occurs during and immediately following exercise.

CALORIE

(submitted by: lenay)

unit measuring the amount of energy obtained from food. Alcohol, carbohydrates, fats and proteins are the food sources in which calorie can be obtained.

Fitness Dictionary - Fitness Terms and Definitions

CALORIE CYCLING

(submitted by: matynne)

Calorie Cycling is a practice of alternating between low and high calorie diets to prevent the body from adapting to a particular diet.

CARDIAC OUTPUT

(submitted by: ftnsdiva)

The amount of blood pumped by the heart per minute.

CARDIORESPIRATORY ENDURANCE

This is the body’s ability, over sustained periods of physical activity, to deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues, and to remove wastes.

CHRONIC

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

descriptive of a condition that persists over a long period of time: opposite of acute.

CHRONIC DISUSE

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

any disease state that persists over a long period of time.

CIRCUIT

Circuit or “circuit training” refers to the sequential use of all the machines in a weight room.

CIRCUIT TRAINING –

(submitted by: lenay)

Group of exercises performed repeatedly in a cycle

COMPUND MOVEMENT

(submitted by: dals)

An exercise that targets more than one muscle or muscle group

CONCENTRIC CONTRACTION

(submitted by: dals)

A contraction in which a muscle exerts force, shortens, and overcomes resistance.

DAILY ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS (DOMS)

This refers to pain and soreness that occurs 24 to 48 hours after exercise. DOMS is due to the microscopic muscle damage that takes place when you lift. You usually feel the beginning of DOMS the day after you lift. Still, it often reaches its peak at about 48 hours after the lift.

DELTS

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

slang term referring to the deltoid muscle

DESCENDING SETS

(submitted by: pt_baller7)

The weight decreases each set but the reps stay the same.

DORSAL

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

the backside

DORSIFLEXION

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

bending backward of the hand or foot; opposite of plantarflexion

DOUBLE PERIODIZATION

(submitted by: matynne)

Double Periodization is a type of periodization wherein two 6-month periodization plans are made instead of one per year as per the guidelines in the Periodization model used in sports and bodybuilding.

DUMBBELL

These are weights attached to a short bar that can be held in one hand.

ECCENTRIC CONTRACTION

(submitted by: dals)

A contraction in which a muscle exerts force, lengthens, and is overcome by a resistance.

ECCENTRIC CONTRACTION (ACTION)

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

A controlled lengthening of the muscle during its contraction; the resistance overcomes the muscular force and the muscle lengthens.

ELASTICITY

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

the ability of a tissue or other material to return to its original size or shape after stretching or elongation

EMPTY CALORIES

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

calories obtained from foods high in sugar and fat without significant nutritional value

ENDOCRINE

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

pertaining to a gland that secretes directly into the bloodstream: the opposite of exocrine

ENDURANCE

It is the power to withstand hardship or stress.

ENERGY BALANCE

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

the balance between energy taken in and energy used

ENZYMES

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

proteins that speed up specific chemical reactions

ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

eight of the twenty-three different amino acids needed to make proteins in adults; called essential because they must be obtained from the diet since they cannot be manufactured by the body

ESSENTIAL FAT

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

fat that cannot be produced by the body and must be supplied by the diet; linoleic acid, linolenic acid and arachidonic acid are essential fats.

ESSENTIAL NUTRIENT

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

a nutrient that must be supplied by the diet because it cannot be produced in sufficient quantities by the body.

EVERSION

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

turning outward

EXERCISE

It is an active bodily exertion performed to develop or maintain fitness.

EXERTION

(submitted by: Athens)

To put into vigorous action and/or to put (oneself) into great effort in any fitness related field.

FATS

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

break down to fatty acids and glycerol. Fat is stored energy; it cushions organs and body parts and insulates the body. We need a percentage of body fat.

FIN TO

(submitted by: BIGKATT)

Getting ready to work out. “I’m Fin To work out here in a minute.”

FITNESS CALCULATORS

(submitted by: lenay)

provide calculations for your BMI, target heart rate, height, and weight, and the matching interpretation from the data you entered.

Fitness Dictionary - Fitness Terms and Definitions

FITT PRINCIPLE

(submitted by: pt_baller7)

FITT stands for Frequency Intensity Type Time. This is basically the philosphy that is needed to gain benefits from training.

FLEXIBILITY

This is the ability to move joints and use muscles through their full range of motion.

FLEXION

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

bending of a limb at a joint: decreasing the angle of the joint

FREE WEIGHTS

These are weights not attached to a machine nor driven by cables or chains.

FREQUENCY

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

how often a person exercises

FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

the maximum physical performance represented by maximal oxygen consumption

GRAM

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

approximately 1/5 of a level teaspoon

HEALTH

It is the general condition of body and mind.

HEART-RATE

It is the number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually expressed as beats per minute.

INTERVAL TRAINING

(submitted by: lenay)

Consists of a short but fast exercise, alternated with a slow but easy physical fitness activity

JOGGING

It is running at a jog trot as a form of cardiopulmonary exercise.

LACTIC ACID

(submitted by: dals)

A waste product of anaerobic energy production which is known to cause muscle burn during exercise.

LEAN BODY MASS

(submitted by: dals)

Bodyweight without body fat: composed primarily of muscle, bone, and other non fat tissue.

MUSCULAR ENDURANCE

This is the ability of a muscle, or a group of muscles, to sustain repeated contractions or to continue applying force against a fixed object.

MUSCULAR STRENGTH

This is the muscle’s ability to exert force for a brief span of time.

NEGATIVE (ECCENTRIC)

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

the part of a resistance exercise when the weight is lowered

NEGATIVES

An advanced technique in which you stress the negative or eccentric phase of an exercise. These techniques are a great way to condition your body to a new weight when you’ve reached a strength plateau.

NERVES

It is the cordlike bundles of fibers made up of neurons through which sensory stimuli and motor impulses pass between the brain or other parts of the central nervous system and the eyes, glands, muscles, and other parts of the body. Nerves form a network of pathways for conducting information throughout the body.

ORIGIN

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

attachment of a muscle that is more superior or proximal

OVERLOADING

This is the technical term for making a muscle work beyond its comfortable point of exertion. When you overload your muscles, they are forced to become stronger so as to cope with the increased load.

OVERTRAINING

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

excessive hard training day-after-day without proper rest to ensure recovery

OXYGEN DEFICIT

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

a temporary shortage of oxygen due to exercise

PERIODIZATION

(submitted by: matynne)

Periodization is defined as a planned and methodological structure of training used in sports and bodybuilding with a goal to bring about the best improvements in muscle mass, tone and/or sport-specific peak performance.

PHYSICAL FITNESS

The ability of the human body to function with vigor and alertness, without undue fatigue, and with ample energy to engage in leisure activities, and to meet physical stresses (Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2004).

PLATEAU EFFECT

The Plateau Effect occurs when you may be working out but do not see improvements in your Fitness Level because your body is no longer being overloaded.

PLATES

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

lead plates of weight used in resistance training

POSITIVE (CONCENTRIC)

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

the part of a resistance exercise when the exerciser lifts the weight by pushing or pulling

POSTERIOR

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

back portion or toward the back; example, a tendon located behind the inner ankle is the posterior tibialis tendon

PRONE

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

lying face down in a horizontal position

PROTRACTION

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

scapular abduction

PROXIMAL

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

anatomical term meaning closer to the trunk of the body: nearest the point of attachment or nearest the center of the body.

PULMONARY

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

affecting the lungs or lung tissue

PYRAMIDS

(submitted by: pt_baller7)

Weight increases in each set and the reps decreases in each set.

QUADRICEPS

It is the large four-part extensor muscle at the front of the thigh.

RATE OF PERCIVED EXERTION (RPE)

(submitted by: dals)

RPE is a subjective rating that the trainer assigns to the intensity of his/her exercise based on their perception of hard the physical exertion was.

RECOVERY

(submitted by: pt_baller7)

The time after a workout in which it takes the body to recover.

REP

Is short for repetition and refers to one completed movement.

RESISTANCE EXERCISE

(submitted by: )

Also known as Weight Training , this means working or training with weights – free weights, weights on a gym machine, or your own body weight.

REVERSIBILITY

This is the stage after the plateau. This happens when you have been in the plateau stage for a long period and your body has not experienced challenging workouts and overload for some time. Reversibility usually occurs when you don’t increase your weights during exercises or when you don’t vary your exercise routine.

RMR

(submitted by: LT Thomas)

(Resting Metabolic Rate) – Calories your body burns at rest.

ROUTINE

It is a set of customary and often mechanically performed procedures or activities.

SET

Refers to the number of reps performed steadily and continuously without a break. An example is “three sets of 15 reps” equals to 45 exercise movements.

SKYR

(submitted by: SkyrIceland)

Skyr is a yogurt-like dairy product from Iceland. It is the natural choice of people who are trying to restrict their calorie and fat intake. It has only 0.2% fat and 10% high quality protein – 20% of which is whey protein – and rich in calcium.

SPOT REDUCING

This occurs when you try to eliminate weight or fat from a specific part of your body and concentrates working only on that part. In effect, you tend to build muscle in that area when, generally, you just need to lose fat from that part.

STRETCHING

An exercise designed to extend the limbs and muscles to their full extent. When you stretch, you expand your muscles and limbs by lengthening or widening. Stretching is essential to overall Fitness.

SUPERSETS

An advance technique that involves performing two different exercises with little rest in between.

TARGET HEART RATE (THR)

The heart rate you should maintain when you exercise.

VIGYAN BHAIRAV TANTRA

(submitted by: vir)

Vigyan ~~ Science ( in Sanskri ) Bhairav ~~ An ancient mythological God of Hindu religion. Tantra ~~ ( A mystical spiritual path) Vigyan Bhairav Tantra is an ancient text on meditation. It contains 112 techniques of Meditation. Basically in the form of a dialogue between lord Shiva and his wife Parvati (refer to as Devi in the book).This books discusses 112 meditation techniques which can be used for realizing our true self.

VO2 MAX

(submitted by: pt_baller7)

Maximum amount of oxygen in millimetres one can use in one minute per 1 kilogram or 2.2 pounds of body weight. This is a measure of your capacity to generate the energy required for endurance activities.

WARM-UP

(submitted by: drew_01ph)

This is the process wherein you literally raise your body temperature (some say for about one to two degrees Celsius) to prepare your muscles from the normal to the exercise condition.

WATER CALISTHENICS

(submitted by: EZSwimmer)

Water exericse using your own body weight for resistance training. Similar to Land Calisthenics for strength plus beauty.

WEIGHT-BEARING EXERCISE

This is an exercise in which you support your weight or lift weight.

ZOTTMAN CURLS

(submitted by: BIGKATT)

Start with your palms facing up and curl the weight and then in one motion lower the weight back down with your palms facing down.

Fitness Nutrition & Diet – Water Intake

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Fitness Nutrition & Diet - Water Intake

The most commonly overlooked aspect of Fitness and Good Nutrition is the Importance of Water. Staying hydrated is essential, especially while you’re exercising. By the time you’re thirsty, you are already hydrated. A good indication of being dehydrated is when you’re irritable, sore, or if you experience muscle cramps after a particularly hard workout. To avoid this, stay hydrated. To stress the Importance of Water, here are some Facts about Your Body and Water:

  • A male’s body is made up of 60-65% water; A female’s body is composed of 50-60% water.
  • Your brain is made up of about 75% water.
  • You can go for weeks without eating solid food; without water, you can only live for three to seven days.
  • Water aids in digestion.
  • Water helps protect the body’s tissue and internal organs.
  • Water helps regulate our body temperature and transport other nutrients, hormones and waste products.
  • Drinking water eases muscle soreness after a training session.
  • As you increase your level of activity, you need to increase your water intake to maintain proper hydration.

Fitness Nutrition & Diet - Water Intake

In a normal day, the average adult needs about 80 ounces of water to maintain water balance. However, many of us only drink half of that. We don’t expect you to monitor how many ounces of water you consume. Still, an easy way to detect whether or not you are hydrated is by taking note of the color of urine. If you’re well hydrated, it will be practically colorless (that is if you’re not taking vitamins or under medication). If it’s a concentrated yellow, start drinking up!

After you’ve learned the gravity of Monitoring your Calorie Intake, Differentiating Good Fats from Bad Fats, and Staying Hydrated, keep in mind that your nutritional needs will vary depending on your Fitness Goals. For a more specific health and dietary recommendations, you should consult your doctor or a registered dietician.

Fitness Nutrition & Diet

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Fitness Nutrition & Diet

All Fitness programs and workouts need to be complemented by sensible advice on nutrition and diet for them to be effective. Doing regular workouts with the right amount of dedication are never enough. A well-balanced diet is also a key factor to ensure the success of your efforts at the gym or at home. Keep in mind that the food you eat is the fuel that gives you energy whenever you go on a workout session.

This section focuses on the importance of Fitness Nutrition and having the right kind of diet. We hope that the articles below will help you see the interplay between your Fitness routines and eating the right kind and amount of food. As you can see below, we have topics about how to check the amount of calories in your food, how to distinguish the types of fats, and the importance of taking in water and staying hydrated. We also have articles on the importance of having enough protein in your diet, good and bad carbs, and the different eating disorders.

Check Your Calories

How much you eat affects how much exercise you need. You will gain or lose weight, depending on your calorie intake. The amount of food you eat has more impact in weight control than the kinds of food you eat. Check your calories with the help of this section.

Fat Attack

Although it is important to watch your fat intake, you should not attempt to eliminate all fats from your diet. There is such a thing as “good fat” and “bad fat”. Know the differences of good fats and bad fats in this section.

Water Intake

Staying hydrated is essential, especially while you’re exercising. Water intake is a major aspect of Fitness that you should not take for granted. You can learn more about the importance of water in your body, especially in Fitness, in this section.

Water Therapy

Water Therapy is a form of alternative medicine. It is a natural therapy that involves the use of water internally (drinking) or externally (bathing).

South Beach Diet

Eating foods with bad carbs and fats can make you eat more, resulting to weight gain. The South Beach Diet focuses on the consumption of “good carbs” and “good fats”. Learn more in this section.

Fitness Nutrition & Diet

Vegetarian Diet

One of the most common plant-based diets is the Vegetarian Diet or vegetarianism. It only includes foods from plants, excluding all kinds of meat and meat products.

Key Nutrients

Make sure to get the right amounts of Key Nutrients that your body needs. Get familiar with the Key Nutrients, their functions, and the different food sources of these nutrients.

Protein in your Diet

Protein builds up, maintains, and replaces the tissues in your body. In this section, know more about protein and determine if you have enough protein in your diet. Also, learn the benefits of taking protein supplements.

Good Carbs VS. Bad Carbs

Carbohydrates are definitely a must in your diet. These are your body’s primary source of energy. Know the different food sources of good carbs and bad carbs.

Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders are a real threat especially to ordinary folks who may not even be aware that they suffer from these conditions. Learn what these Eating Disorders are in this section.

Emotional Eating

Emotional Eating is a negative response to a stimulus. A person should eat when they are hungry not when something upsets them. Learn more in this section.

Pre-workout and Post-workout Tips

In this section, learn some post-workout strategies to optimize the body’s natural ability to process excess post oxygen consumption and the specific adaptation on imposed demands.

Diet Myths

Many diets being snapped up by people on the lookout for fast and easy ways to shed those pounds sound too good to be true – and it’s because they actually are. Here are some Diet Myths and the truth behind the fiction and the hype.

Dietary Supplements

Dietary Supplements are defined as products which are intended to complement your regular diet and supply the needed nutrients which are missing in your diet.

Fast Food and Obesity

Fast food and obesity are linked together and they best describe the eating habits of Americans. These greasy yet tasty foods look really deceiving, they’re mouthwatering and very enticing, thus luring everyone to come and take a bite.

Pescetarian Diet

Looking for a healthy diet plan? Read through this article and know more about Pescetarian diet.

Diabetes

Diabetes is considered as one of the leading causes of death in America. Have a better understanding of this sickness through this article.

The Causes Of High Cholesterol

Many seem to misunderstand the differences between the different types of cholesterol in the body, but they’re actually quite simple to learn.

Phytonutrients In The Diet Promote Better Health

Whether you’re a power lifter, a power walker or a couch potato, phytonutrients hold the key to improving your health.

Good Fat Vs Bad Fat

Nowadays, more people are getting obese because of their food choices. One misconception is that assuming that eating more fatty foods are the reason for being obese.

Pregnant Women Need More Exercise

The focus of the fitness program is not just about loosing weight but also for you to feel good in a safe way.

Vitamin A: Improve Your Health And Growth

Before you reach for the bottle of your vitamins, try eating a variety of healthy foods and get your Vitamin A the natural way.

Vitamin C: The Antioxidant

Remember that our body does not manufacture Vitamin C on its own, nor store it. So, it is important to include food rich in Vitamin C in your daily diet.

Keep in mind that every person has different nutritional needs, depending on the Fitness Goals that they have in mind. So what are your goals? It would be good to seek the advice of a doctor or a registered dietician. He or she can then help design a good diet for you.

Fitness Equipment & Machines

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Fitness Equipment & Machines

Different pieces of Fitness Equipment are available in Fitness Centers and the market. However, the Fitness Equipment that you need will vary depending on your target Fitness area or Fitness Goals. If you’re planning to buy a Home Gym Equipment and do not know the difference between a Treadmill and a Stairclimber, browsing over this section will help you immensely – and even help you save your precious time and money.

Home Fitness Equipment Overview Home Fitness Equipment Overview
This section provides you with a list of the common home fitness equipment, their short descriptions, how to use them, and the benefits you will get from having them as a home gym equipment. Read here for more information.
Buying Fitness Equipment Buying Fitness Equipment
Before you head on to buy your own fitness equipment, knowing what equipment to buy is necessary. The following fitness equipment buying guidelines will help you immensely in choosing your own home gym equipment. Read here for more information.
Home Gyms Home Gyms
A Home Gym is a piece of exercise equipment that can be used for multiple exercises in one machine. You can do your exercises in less time compared when you are using multiple exercise machines. Know more about Home Gyms in this section.
Rowing Machines Rowing Machines
Fitness experts consider the Rowing Machine as one of the few pieces of Fitness equipment that give you a total body workout. In this section, know some of the main reasons for its popularity and learn what to look for when buying one.
Fitness Bikes Fitness Bikes
Get your money’s worth by paying close attention to the important specifications of Fitness Bikes. Know the different features and choose the kind of Fitness Bike that suits your needs and preferences.
Treadmill Buying Guide - How to Buy Treadmills Treadmill Buying Guide – How to Buy Treadmills
The Treadmill has become a very popular choice as a home exercise equipment since it is effective and easy-to-use. In this section, know the factors to consider when buying a Treadmill.

Although different kinds of Home Exercise Equipment have been designed and built, you should select good equipment that is simple to use, comfortable, relaxing and safe. While you can get bargains at discount merchants and some of the larger sporting goods stores, nothing beats the knowledge and commitment you get from the specialty fitness retailers. It is definitely worth the potentially greater cost.

Walking

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Walking

The following is a short description, the targeted body muscles/areas, and suggested ways to Incorporate Walking in your Fitness Plan.

Walking

Walking is one of the easiest, most versatile, and most profitable cardio exercises to be fit. All you Need to Walk is a good pair of shoes, comfortable clothes, and desire.

WalkingWalking is a great way to learn about how your heart rate reacts to different exertion levels since it’s easy to monitor and control how hard you work. It doesn’t matter if you Walk Outside (e.g. Hiking) or Indoors on the treadmill (especially if the weather is poor) since you will get just as much exercise.

Targeted Fitness Goals: works the gluts and all the muscles in the leg – quadriceps and hamstrings in particular.

Incorporate Walking in your Fitness Plan: Walk for at least 30 minutes, 3-4 days a week. If you get the hang of it, add five minutes to your walks (total walking time of 35 minutes). Keep adding 5 minutes until you are walking as long as desired.

Keep in mind that the more times you do this Cardio Exercise in a week, the higher your health benefits will be.